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Every Node is given purview over a predefined geographic area called a Zone of Influence (ZoI). No matter where you go in the world, whether you’re questing, gathering, or raiding, you’ll be helping determine which nodes will develop, and what Zones of Influence will expand. Any area that a Node controls is considered its Zone of Influence, including Vassal Nodes, and all Vassal Nodes exist within the Zone of Influence of their Parent Node.[2]Margaret Krohn


The main thing that differentiates us from other MMOs is that we have a living, breathing, reactive world... Our world is separated into zones, which are then separated into what we call nodes. Nodes are sort of invisible zones of influence that listen to everything that a player does; so as players gain experience from killing things, gain experience from doing quests, gain experience through crafting things, the node is also gaining that experience. Once a node gains enough experience it levels up and then starts to attract NPCs to it .[3]Jeffrey Bard

Each Node can form into towns, but are limited by their neighbors. The Nodes have different levels of advancement. There can only be so many of each level. Think of this as advanced settlements needing more elbow room. Nodes encompass more land as they grow and will require more effort to be sustained. This system is a main driver for change in the world because it creates scarcity. As Nodes advance in stages of growth they will lock out neighboring Nodes from progressing, and will absorb their zones of influence.[1]

There is not a space where you will move in to do something and no node will get that experience.[5]Steven Sharif


⧼{{{2}}}⧽]] (階段 6)的節點發展展示影片。

Nodes advance by collecting experience from the actions of players nearby. As players complete content inside of a Node’s Zone of Influence (the area around the node), they contribute that experience toward the Node’s development. The experience given to the Node may then be modified based on certain Events and Accomplishments. When a Node reaches the experience required, it undergoes the process of advancing to the next stage. There are a few exceptions where a Node cannot advance even though it has the required experience - most commonly, a Node can not advance if a Node is a Vassal of another Node and would advance to the same stage as its Parent Node.[10]Margaret Krohn

節點有七個 (7) 發展階段,每階段也有升級所需經驗值。節點集滿經驗值後,就可以發展成下一階段[2]

節點階段[11] 圖示 別名[12] 發展所需時間[11] 玩家房屋[13]
0. 曠野 -
1. 遠征 Expedition symbol.png 十字路口 (Crossroad) 數小時 -
2. 營地 Encampment symbol.png 野營 (Camp) 許多小時 -
3. 村莊 Village symbol.png - 數天 小型房屋
4. 市鎮 - 許多天 中型房屋
5. 城市 - 數週 大型房屋
6. 大都會 都會 (Metro) 許多週 宅邸


概念圖 — 位於較高等級的節點的影響區域內時,節點的可發展等級會設有上限。[14] 影響區域的形狀將會是不規則,圖中的圓形只用於方便解說。

從第三階段起,節點升級時,鄰近的節點會被納入成附庸節點。附庸節點是由上級節點擁有,且等級必須低於上級節點一級。這代表上級節點升級後,附庸節點才能升級。附庸節點會提供大量經驗給其上級節點,且同時可以有自己的附庸節點,但條件是這些節點也位於其上級節點的影響區域內。附庸節點受上級節點的政府、同盟、戰爭、稅務和貿易影響,且可以獲取聯邦援助。附庸節點不能對上級節點或自己的附庸節點宣戰。附庸節點的公民亦受上級節點的外交狀態約束。[2]Margaret Krohn

玩家 (公民或非公民) 於節點影響區域內進行活動 (任務採集團隊戰鬥等) 時,將有助該節點發展提升節點至更高階段[10][11]

隨着節點發展,其發展區域將會是出現文明的地方。節點發展至不同階段時,其發展區域內將會出現不同的建築物、NPC 和服務。節點等級愈高,發展區域便會變得愈繁盛,人口亦會變多。發展區域也會根據節點種類 (經濟、軍事、科技、神聖) 而變化。未來我們將會更詳細介紹每種節點種類。[10]Margaret Krohn


[[{{{2}}}|⧼{{{2}}}⧽]] (階段 3) 時生效,但相鄰節點

[[{{{2}}}|⧼{{{2}}}⧽]] (階段 1)便會限制鄰近節點的發展。[18][19]

  • 遊戲的領土擴張算法會考量最鄰近的海岸、相鄰節點、以及過去數週或一個月周邊地區玩家的熱圖。[20]
    • 此算法計算領土 (影響區域) 擴張的方法,最終會導致兩個相同等級的節點位置鄰近,但機會很小。[21]

The way that the algorithm expands the territories takes into account a few things: One it takes into account the coast like where's the closest coast. Two it takes into account the neighboring nodes so it can take over and essentially vassal state those nodes, but what's more important is essentially the initial population based on like how players choose their races. Because we have nine different races and four different starting points that branch out, each server's population density is going to dictate essentially the first few nodes that are highly populated and then that initial seed is what's going to determine the node structure as it moves inland into the into the world essentially; and based on the performance and successes of different sieges will determine which nodes that got locked out from the previous the initial advancements what nodes can now be available to advance further. So I really think that with so many variables that are present in the equation of how nodes advance and stay existing with the more variables you have, the higher likelihood there is for there to be a significant diversion in world progression.[20]Steven Sharif

Normally the algorithm that's applied to the node territorial expansion will prevent significant nodes from being in close proximity to each other... There could be a perfect storm where all of the algorithmic progression of territory leads to having these nodes very close to each other because there's certain requirements that should that need to be available to satisfy node vassal takeovers; and it's possible that two nodes would never take each other over as vassals and end up close together and spanning their territories in opposite directions: The Tale of Two Cities thing.[21]Steven Sharif

  • 影響區域內的其他節點達到等級上限後,才會從這些節點獲得經驗值。[14]
  • 玩家在節點升級時,與新出現的建築物處於同一位置的話,會被傳送至安全場所。[22]
  • 某節點的公民仍可以協助其他節點發展。[23]
  • 為了避免出現「為做而做」的情況,玩家不會明確知道節點升級實際需要多少物品或擊死多少隻怪物[24]

Different people have different resources invested in nodes progressing and it would be a little "gamey" if you could know exactly what was necessary at that point because that would disincentivize people from participating.[24]Steven Sharif


Adjacent nodes (Neighboring nodes) starting from

[[{{{2}}}|⧼{{{2}}}⧽]] (階段 1) may block (lockout) the growth of their immediate neighbors.[18][19]

[[{{{2}}}|⧼{{{2}}}⧽]] (階段 2) and

[[{{{2}}}|⧼{{{2}}}⧽]] (階段 1) nodes are technically not vassal nodes as they do not support citizenships. If their parent

[[{{{2}}}|⧼{{{2}}}⧽]] (階段 3) node is destroyed by a node siege, these nodes are also destroyed.[25]


Vassal node structure.[25]

This vassal mode structure tells you what it looks like for a sovereign at a level six metropolis stage; and what it can control at a maximum vassal network is two level five nodes, of which a level five node can control one level four and one level three as direct vassals; and then the four can control a three; and every three can control a one or a two. Now if the three gets removed through siege, the one or the two is removed as well. So that's an important distinction between the three's vassals, which technically isn't really a vassal relationship because there's no citizenships possible. Those vassals don't exist between three and X, but they do exist between four and three, five and four, and six and five. And what this also allows is that because there are 85 nodes that are within the world, we have a buffer zone of about 20 nodes that lives in a max server state. So if you had maximum five metropolises form in a world, you will have a number about 20 nodes that can live alongside those metropolis networks; and when or if a metropolis falls, that extra cushion of nodes around the five metropolis structures allows for the map to be redistricted in a way that is unique. It doesn't mean that one of the fives is just going to pick up where the last six left off and form the same exact metropolis structure. From a territory perspective it has ancillary nodes to play with and expand towards that redistricts the map, so that if a metropolis falls there's a significant difference in the layout of the world and the layout of these almost nation-like territories.[25]Steven Sharif

Village (stage 3) or higher nodes enslave nearby nodes, converting them into vassal nodes.[2][19]

[[{{{2}}}|⧼{{{2}}}⧽]] (階段 6) can control up to two

[[{{{2}}}|⧼{{{2}}}⧽]] (階段 5) nodes. A

[[{{{2}}}|⧼{{{2}}}⧽]] (階段 5) can control one

[[{{{2}}}|⧼{{{2}}}⧽]] (階段 4) and one

[[{{{2}}}|⧼{{{2}}}⧽]] (階段 3) node. A

[[{{{2}}}|⧼{{{2}}}⧽]] (階段 3) can control an

[[{{{2}}}|⧼{{{2}}}⧽]] (階段 2) or an

[[{{{2}}}|⧼{{{2}}}⧽]] (階段 1). If the

[[{{{2}}}|⧼{{{2}}}⧽]] (階段 3) gets destroyed through a siege, its dependant

[[{{{2}}}|⧼{{{2}}}⧽]] (階段 2) and

[[{{{2}}}|⧼{{{2}}}⧽]] (階段 1) nodes are also destroyed.[25]

There is a layer of intricacy between how the neighboring nodes advance and what potential parent structure they have in the vassalship tree.[26]Steven Sharif
  • Vassal nodes gain benefits from their regent node (also referred to as sovereign node or parent node) even if the node type of the parent is different to the vassal.[27][28]
It is not a bad thing to be vasseled, it is a good thing to be vasseled. It brings many benefits from the Sovereign, which is the ultimate parent of that vassal network down to the vassal node itself; and it allows that vassal node to even live outside of its normal mechanics. You get to adopt some of the benefits that the node type of your sovereign is, even if your node type as a vassal node isn't the same.[28]Steven Sharif
  • Regent nodes collect taxes from their vassal nodes. These taxes cannot be taken by the mayor or other players.[30]

[[{{{2}}}|⧼{{{2}}}⧽]] (階段 1) upward block the growth of their immediate neighbors. This was intended to be tested in Alpha-1.[18][19]

    • Vassal nodes first apply any experience earned to their own deficit (see 節點衰退). It then applies excess experience earned to its parent node.[10]
    • If the parent node advances, the vassal is once again able to advance.[2]
  • Vassal nodes give excess experience to their parent node and may have their own vassals; so long as they fall within the parent node’s zone of influence.[30][2]
    • If a node is capped and is both a vassal and has its own vassals, any experience earned from itself or its Vassals is first applied to its own deficit. Experience beyond that is then sent to its parent node.[10]
When the vassal reaches its cap it overflows experience up to the parent; and so it can be very good early on for parents to get vassal nodes that are very productive- that have a lot of traffic.[30]Steven Sharif
  • Vassals are subject to the government, alliances, wars, taxes, and trade of their parent node, and are able to receive federal aid from them.[2]
  • Vassal nodes cannot declare war on their parent node or any of their vassals.[2]
  • Citizens of vassals are bound by the diplomatic states of the parent node.[2]
If a Node is a Vassal Node and is capped from advancing further, it first applies any experience earned to its own deficit (see Node Atrophy section), and then applies excess experience earned to its Parent Node. If the Parent Node advances and the Vassal is able to grow, it becomes uncapped. If a Node is capped and is both a Vassal and has its own Vassals, any experience earned from itself or its Vassals is first applied to their own deficit. Any experience beyond that is then sent to its Parent Node.[10]Margaret Krohn


地下城, 大型副本, 世界頭目, Mobs, 任務, Events, 資源, Narratives and other content within a node's ZOI will have a diverse level range; but will scale with the advancement of that node and its racial influence.[31][32][2]

  • Portions of the spawn tables (for mobs and resources) are static and other portions are dynamic and adapt to node development.[33]
We don’t have a strictly level 25 zone. Instead, that zone might have some level 10 creatures near the road, some level 20 creatures deep in the forest, and some level 30 creatures up the mountain. These ratios will change based on the Nodes that inform them, becoming generally more dangerous as the Node grows. All this civilization attracts the attention of Things-That-Should-Not-Be. This does not mean that wilderness areas are safe, by any means. Some may be safe-er, but all will have dangers that even the most experienced traveler needs to watch out for.[34]Steven Sharif


The 世界管理員 is an algorithm in Ashes of Creation that controls dynamic world elements. It acts as both a throttle and an incentive system for various activities to ensure certain parameters are within acceptable thresholds.[35]

A world manager is a technical term to define a server process that lives alongside the game server; and when the game server needs to do things- communicating with other game servers within that grid- it tells that manager and that manager sends it down to the appropriate server.[36]Steven Sharif
For example if you know iron is being used as a raw resource for a specific crafting path that might drive up the price of mithril or silver; and that will incentivize the market to course correct a little bit. The idea is to provide soft incentives that help to alleviate the demand and also to prop up the supply that might not be present from the economic systems.[37]Steven Sharif


地底節點 and nodes directly above them are considered adjacent but do not exist in the same ZOI.[6][7][8]

  • There will be "bleed over" between underrealm nodes and surface nodes in terms of influence and interaction.[7]
    • There may be visual cues above ground that indicate influence from underrealm nodes in that area.[7]

That might be a little bit of a departure from our design in the past. I know originally like two-plus years ago we were discussing how those would be independent of each other, but I think as we further defined the layout of the world map itself it made more sense for those to have some interaction and influence that's combined.[7]Steven Sharif

Castle regions


公会城堡 influence a castle region around them.[41]

Node simulation

Simulation of node interactions.[48]

This representation does show 111 nodes as part of this particular simulation. I'm not sure what the tick frequency is on this video. It might be something on the magnitude of like every second is probably 12 to 24 hours. So over time you start seeing these larger node systems building up to eventually where you might see Cities and Metropolises after some period of time; and what this allows the design team to do from a tools perspective, as they simulate this idea of how the world is going to progress, is it gives an opportunity to see strange happenings or something that we couldn't necessarily predict but was a possible outcome based on the variables present.[48]Steven Sharif

The developers have created a simulation of node interactions in preparation for Alpha-2 deployment of the node system.[48]

You can show the initial territories on the Verran map of what these particular nodes have governance over, or their Zones of Influence as we like to call them... As the simulation of this begins to advance and nodes begin to expand their territory and they begin to take over nearby nodes as a result of their of their growth, you start to see these power level ratings that are applied here on specific nodes that determines what type of takeover power it has and and what it pushes back against for other nodes that are looking to take over new territory as they advance.[48]Steven Sharif

  • It also simulates events, such as NPCs attacking and disabling certain node buildings and services. Failure to successfully respond to these will reduce the node's "health ticker", which will slow down the XP gains from the node.[48]

It also simulates events: So each of these nodes will have a health ticker: when that health ticker is impacted it'll stop gaining power or gaining or slow down in its gaining of experience; and that's because certain events can affect a node by disabling certain services, disabling buildings. Players don't respond to that horde of zombies that have come out of the nearby ravine then those zombies can attack stables, they can attack service buildings, and prevent particular types of quests or activities and services from happening until it's repaired.[48]Steven Sharif

  • 節點戰 are simulated, with successful sieges destroying the nodes, and where unsuccessful sieges won't destroy the node but may result in disabled buildings or services, similar to events.[48]

It simulates the sieges if a particular node has a certain frequency that's set where we want to see randomization of how nodes get affected by sieges. Sometimes they'll be destroyed in the simulation. Sometimes they'll have disabled services again, similar to an event, because they didn't succeed necessarily at sieging the node but they did succeed at disabling some of the buildings as part of that siege.[48]Steven Sharif

  • It simulates what outcomes may happen in the live game as a result of player activity, such as splitting up a particular ZOI across a waterway, or having territories expand out to islands or across continents.[48]

It simulates what players could potentially do as well when the game goes live; and that might include things like splitting up a particular Zone of Influence across a waterway, having your territory expand out to an island, or across continents. These are these are the types of things that we want to see players do eventually obviously but this tool provides the design team the opportunity to see it repetitively and over a fast period of time so they see these different types of outcomes.[48]Steven Sharif

World size

1,200 km2 (square kilometers) is the expected total world size of Verra at launch, including land (480 km2) and water/ocean (750 km2), but excluding the size of the Underrealm.[49]

  • The reason given for expanding the map size was to better accommodate 海军 content and to reduce the overall content density in the world.[49]
The purpose of it becoming bigger is as I said to make sure that density isn't overwhelming: that it isn't everywhere I look there is immediately something. I have no opportunity to see areas of the world that are expansive and are just wanderlust adventure feeling. Everything was sitting on top of you, POIs and nodes and houses and everything. It was like an urban area everywhere. But we wanted to expand that because a large portion of the game is a sandbox element; it's coupled with a lot of curated content but it's that sandbox element.[49]Steven Sharif
  • The shape of the continents has also changed and two new large islands have been introduced.[49]



  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Node series part I
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 Blog - Know Your Nodes - The Basics.
  3. 訪談, 2018-04-20 (7:22).
  4. Ashes of Creation FAQ.
  5. 5.0 5.1 直播, 2018-07-09 (39:32).
  6. 6.0 6.1 直播, 2019-03-29 (58:14).
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 直播, 2019-03-29 (29:17).
  8. 8.0 8.1 直播, 2017-05-05 (37:52).
  9. 訪談, 2018-05-11 (55:16).
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 Blog - Know Your Nodes - Advance and Destroy.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 A reactive world - Nodes.
  12. 直播, 2018-12-12 (14:48).
  13. 訪談, 2020-07-20 (3:45).
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 直播, 2017-10-16 (50:20).
  15. 影片, 2017-04-20 (0:02).
  16. Npc vending.jpg
  17. Node series part II – the Metropolis.
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 steven-quote-neighboring-nodes.png
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 jahlon-steven-vassal-nodes-quote.png
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 訪談, 2020-07-18 (10:04).
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 訪談, 2020-07-08 (1:00:15).
  22. 直播, 2017-11-17 (55:27).
  23. node xp.png
  24. 24.0 24.1 直播, 2017-05-26 (28:16).
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.3 直播, 2022-08-26 (1:07:34).
  26. steven-vassals.png
  27. 直播, 2023-08-31 (52:56).
  28. 28.0 28.1 直播, 2022-08-26 (1:04:35).
  29. steven-stream-clarifications-august-2022.png
  30. 30.0 30.1 30.2 直播, 2022-08-26 (1:10:16).
  31. 訪談, 2020-07-19 (19:35).
  32. 直播, 2017-05-15 (30:53).
  33. 直播, 2022-08-26 (1:28:50).
  34. Interview: Ashes of Creation on Building Their Virtual World, 2017-04-13.
  35. 訪談, 2020-07-19 (1:10:55).
  36. 直播, 2022-10-14 (57:22).
  37. 37.0 37.1 37.2 37.3 訪談, 2020-07-19 (1:08:22).
  38. 直播, 2017-05-26 (31:44).
  39. 直播, 2017-05-26 (42:45).
  40. 直播, 2017-05-24 (31:39).
  41. castle-influence.png
  42. castle-taxes2.png
  43. 43.0 43.1 castle-region.png
  44. region-overlap.png
  45. castle-metro.png
  46. 直播, 2021-04-30 (1:01:10).
  47. castle-taxes.png
  48. 48.00 48.01 48.02 48.03 48.04 48.05 48.06 48.07 48.08 48.09 48.10 直播, 2021-09-24 (30:26).
  49. 49.0 49.1 49.2 49.3 直播, 2022-08-26 (46:52).
  50. 直播, 2020-01-30 (1:18:12).
  51. world size.png
  52. waterlandsize.png
  53. 訪談, 2018-08-17 (10:43).
  54. 直播, 2023-04-07 (22:48).